Caring for my skin
This article contains lots of information about caring for your skin. Scroll down the page to see topics such as sunscreens and skin, minimising skin damage, skin moisturising, skin cleansing and understanding your skin type.
What is my skin type?
An oily skin has large pores with a medium to high oil content, predominantly on the nose, forehead and chin areas, is usually medium to thick and even sallow and coarse in appearance with some blackheads and perhaps pimples. A dry skin has miniscule pores and contains less oil. It usually feels dry or dehydrated to touch and is fine and translucent in appearance. A normal skin complexion is usually medium to fine and soft and translucent in appearance. Combination skin has parts that are either dry to normal and other parts that are oily.
Adequate exercise and a healthy and balanced diet are not only important for the overall health of your body but for your skin too. Choose a variety of foods that provide good nutrition, like fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meats, low-fat dairy products and natural grains.
Clean your skin with a gentle cleanser appropriate for your skin type. Harsh soaps can break down the skin's protective layers, allowing natural moisture to escape and leaving skin rough and flaky.
Your skin is exposed to environmental factors which can remove moisture from your skin. The use of moisturisers helps your skin retain moisture and minimise further moisture loss. So, regular moisturising will help hydrate your skin, reducing the impact of everyday living. The most effective time to apply a moisturiser is right after bathing, when the skin is ready to receive moisture. Apply moisturisers immediately after bathing or swimming, to help replenish and seal in moisture.
Minimising skin damage
If you are exposed to the sun's rays, protect your skin with a high protection sunscreen factor lotion. Overexposure to the sun, in addition to contributing to skin cancer, can increase signs of aging (loss of flexibility, dryness, wrinkles, dark spots). Prevention is better than cure so remember to protect your body from the sun's damaging rays by applying a daily moisturiser with sunscreen. For your face use try DOVE Tinted Moisturiser SPF15.
You will reap the benefits later on in life if you take care of your skin when you are young. Children's skin is especially susceptible to damage by strong sun rays. Use lotions with the highest protection and remember to reapply after swimming. Keep children away from direct sunlight as much as possible.
Does smoking really affect my skin? Smoking, long associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, may also contribute to premature aging of the skin.
Should I use as much moisturiser in winter? Use just as much moisturiser on your skin in winter as summer as indoor heating takes the humidity out of the air and dries the skin.
How can I prevent skin damage when I'm using cleaning products? Household cleansers often contain skin-irritating chemicals like bleach. To prevent potential skin damage and irritation, wear protective gloves when using chemicals or known irritants.
What can I do about my dry, sore, rough hands? Repeated washing with soaps, exposure to the elements (sun, cold and wind) and daily 'tasks' can leave hands dry, rough and sore. Try washing with DOVE Beauty Bar and after washing, use a moisturiser like VASELINE Intensive Care Hand and Nail Lotion. This will effectively moisturise your skin, leaving your hands feeling soft, smooth and healthy.
Sunscreeens & my skin
What is the difference between a SPF 15 and a SPF 30 plus? A SPF 15 sunscreen absorbs about 93% of the UV, which means it lets 7% of the UV through into the skin. A SPF 30 sunscreen lets about 3.5% of the UV through. This means a SPF 30 sunscreen reduces by half the amount of UV getting through to the skin. However, you should still re-apply a SPF30 sunscreen product every two hours, just like you do a SPF 15 sunscreen product.
What do UVA and UVB mean? UVA are the long wave ultraviolet rays (from 320-400nm). UVA rays can penetrate to the deeper layers of the skin and produce delayed effects leading to accelerated skin aging. UVB are the shorter wavelength rays (from 280-320nm) which can produce immediate burning of the outer layer of skin, leading to sunburn in the short term and skin cancer in the longer term.
What does broad spectrum mean? A sunscreen labelled 'broad spectrum' offers protection from UVA rays as well as UVB rays. Broad spectrum products help protect from the aging effects of the sun as well as the burning effects.
What is the difference between organic & physical sunscreens
Organic sunscreens absorb UV radiation, so when the rays hit the sunscreen molecules on your skin they are neutralised. Physical sunscreens reflect UV radiation, so when the rays hit the tiny particles they bounce off. A combination of organic and physical blockers are used in our products. Examples of organic sunscreens are Octyl methoxycinnamateButyl and Methoxydibenzoylmethane. An example of a physical sunscreen is Titanium Dioxide.
What does Paba Free mean?
PABA is para-aminobenzoic acid and has been discontinued from use in sunscreen products due to allergic skin reactions in some people. All DOVE and VASELINE brand products are PABA free.
What is the correct way to use sunscreens? Sunscreens should be applied to clean, dry skin 15-30 minutes before exposure to the sun. Apply enough sunscreen to easily cover exposed skin. Reapply approximately every two hours and before and after swimming. Dedicated sunscreens should be used for activities in the sun and swimming. SPF moisturisers are designed for incidental sun exposure.
Can sunscreens stain my clothes? Yes some can. Always allow your sunscreen to 'dry' on your skin before putting garments on. This will not eliminate staining but may help to reduce it.